An area surrounded by a lava flow.
A Hawaiian term for an "island" of land completely surrounded by one or more younger lava flows. A kipuka forms when lava encircles a hill or a slight rise in the ground as it moves downslope or across relatively flat ground. Because they are surrounded by more recent flows, kipukas are often covered with mature vegetation.
Photograph by J.D. Griggs on 13 January 1987
This kipuka formed during the Pu`u `O`o-Kupaianaha eruption on the east rift zone of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i.
Did you know?
The word kipuka is a variation of the Hawaiian word puka which means hole. Puka-shell necklaces, popular with tourists, are made with small shells which have holes worn in the center by wave action on sandy beaches.

Glossary of volcanic terms. - University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kīpuka — Vue aérienne d un kīpuka sur les flancs du Kīlauea à Hawaï. Un kīpuka, terme d origine hawaïenne, est une portion de terrain entouré par des sols d origine volcanique plus récents qu elle, généralement des coulées de lave[ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kīpuka — A kīpuka is an area of land completely surrounded by one or more younger lava flows. A kīpuka forms when lava flows on either side of a hill, ridge, or older lava dome as it moves downslope or spreads from its source. Older and more weathered… …   Wikipedia

  • kipuka — /kee pooh kah/, n. (in Hawaii) a tract of land surrounded by recent lava flows. [ < Hawaiian kipuka] * * * ▪ geology       area of land ranging from several square metres to several square kilometres where existing rock of either volcanic or… …   Universalium

  • Kipuka — Eine Vegetationsinsel am Kilauea Eine Kipuka (auch Dagala) ist eine allseits von Lava umflossene und vollständig isolierte Vegetationsinsel inmitten eines Lavafelds.[1] Das Wort Kipuka stammt aus Hawaii und hat sich in der englischen Sprache als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kipuka — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Kipuka peut désigner : un kīpuka, un îlot de végétation encerclé par des coulées de lave ; Kipuka, un secteur du territoire de Bulungu du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kipuka — kēˈpükə noun ( s) Etymology: Hawaiian : an area of older land ranging in size from a few square feet to several square miles surrounded by later lava flows kipukas result from either topographic irregularities or the viscosity of the lava… …   Useful english dictionary

  • kipuka —    A low island of land surrounded by a younger (more recent) lava flow.    Compare: steptoe.    MA …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • kipuka — ki·pu·ka …   English syllables

  • Kipuka Hale by Great Vacation Retreats — (Колоа,США) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 2308 1 Kipuka …   Каталог отелей

  • poncho —   Kīpuka …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.