kipuka

ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY GLOSSARY
An area surrounded by a lava flow.
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USGS PHOTO GLOSSARY OF VOLCANIC TERMS
A Hawaiian term for an "island" of land completely surrounded by one or more younger lava flows. A kipuka forms when lava encircles a hill or a slight rise in the ground as it moves downslope or across relatively flat ground. Because they are surrounded by more recent flows, kipukas are often covered with mature vegetation.
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Photograph by J.D. Griggs on 13 January 1987
This kipuka formed during the Pu`u `O`o-Kupaianaha eruption on the east rift zone of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i.
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Did you know?
The word kipuka is a variation of the Hawaiian word puka which means hole. Puka-shell necklaces, popular with tourists, are made with small shells which have holes worn in the center by wave action on sandy beaches.

Glossary of volcanic terms. - University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kīpuka — Vue aérienne d un kīpuka sur les flancs du Kīlauea à Hawaï. Un kīpuka, terme d origine hawaïenne, est une portion de terrain entouré par des sols d origine volcanique plus récents qu elle, généralement des coulées de lave[ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kīpuka — A kīpuka is an area of land completely surrounded by one or more younger lava flows. A kīpuka forms when lava flows on either side of a hill, ridge, or older lava dome as it moves downslope or spreads from its source. Older and more weathered… …   Wikipedia

  • kipuka — /kee pooh kah/, n. (in Hawaii) a tract of land surrounded by recent lava flows. [ < Hawaiian kipuka] * * * ▪ geology       area of land ranging from several square metres to several square kilometres where existing rock of either volcanic or… …   Universalium

  • Kipuka — Eine Vegetationsinsel am Kilauea Eine Kipuka (auch Dagala) ist eine allseits von Lava umflossene und vollständig isolierte Vegetationsinsel inmitten eines Lavafelds.[1] Das Wort Kipuka stammt aus Hawaii und hat sich in der englischen Sprache als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kipuka — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Kipuka peut désigner : un kīpuka, un îlot de végétation encerclé par des coulées de lave ; Kipuka, un secteur du territoire de Bulungu du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • kipuka — kēˈpükə noun ( s) Etymology: Hawaiian : an area of older land ranging in size from a few square feet to several square miles surrounded by later lava flows kipukas result from either topographic irregularities or the viscosity of the lava… …   Useful english dictionary

  • kipuka —    A low island of land surrounded by a younger (more recent) lava flow.    Compare: steptoe.    MA …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • kipuka — ki·pu·ka …   English syllables

  • Kipuka Hale by Great Vacation Retreats — (Колоа,США) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 2308 1 Kipuka …   Каталог отелей

  • poncho —   Kīpuka …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

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